Search for long-lived particles decaying to a pair of muons in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV



: An inclusive search for long-lived exotic particles decaying to a pair of muons
is presented. The search uses data collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC
in proton-proton collisions at √
s = 13 TeV in 2016 and 2018 and corresponding to an
integrated luminosity of 97.6 fb−1
. The experimental signature is a pair of oppositely
charged muons originating from a common secondary vertex spatially separated from the
pp interaction point by distances ranging from several hundred µm to several meters. The
results are interpreted in the frameworks of the hidden Abelian Higgs model, in which the
Higgs boson decays to a pair of long-lived dark photons ZD, and of a simplified model, in
which long-lived particles are produced in decays of an exotic heavy neutral scalar boson.
For the hidden Abelian Higgs model with m(ZD) greater than 20 GeV and less than half
the mass of the Higgs boson, they provide the best limits to date on the branching fraction
of the Higgs boson to dark photons for cτ (ZD) (varying with m(ZD)) between 0.03 and
≈0.5 mm, and above ≈0.5 m. Our results also yield the best constraints on long-lived
particles with masses larger than 10 GeV produced in decays of an exotic scalar boson
heavier than the Higgs boson and decaying to a pair of muons.
Date made available28 Jul 2022


  • hep-ex


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