Childcare Needs of Newcomer Migrants and Refugees

Project Details


Early childhood education and care (ECEC) aims to provide benefits
to young children, their parents, and society at large. Providing
quality and accessibility for all children forms an essential pillar in
ECEC. However, children of migrant families fail to enjoy equal
access and quality in childcare, as can be observed by various
studies and in the statistics provided by the Kind en Gezin.
Therefore, this research aims to evaluate the obstacles and
challenges children of Turkish economic migrants and Syrian
refugees face, which prevent them from successful participation in
childcare programs. Doing so sheds light on interactions between
family, household, and policy characteristics and their influence on
childcare services take-up. Thus, we will provide a better
understanding of (i) the multilevel determinants of perceived quality
and accessibility of the childcare services as well as take-up in
Europe and Belgium, (ii) dynamics of the search process of migrant
parents with diverse childcare needs, and (iii) how knowledge gaps
and informal procedures shape the trajectories. This research
employs a mixed methodological approach within a participatory
design. Two statistical methods are used respectfully during the
quantitative analysis: a multivariate and multilevel analysis using
datasets provided by EU-SILC and EQLS. Concurrently, the
qualitative analysis consists of interviews with a total of 60 family
members from both migrant groups and 20 members in childcare
Effective start/end date1/11/2231/12/26


  • Early childhood education and care (ECEC)
  • Migrants and Refugees
  • Mixed Methods

Flemish discipline codes in use since 2023

  • Early childhood education
  • Sociology of gender and gender relations
  • Social differentiation, stratification and social mobility
  • Sociology of family
  • Race and ethnic relations


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