CO-NATURE: Co-Producing Scenarios for nature-based urban regeneration.

Project Details


Green infrastructure and, more broadly, nature-based solutions, and the ecosystem services which they supply, make cities more resilient to pressures related to demographic growth and environmental change. While much research has focused on assessing the supply of urban ecosystem services, the impact that nature-based solutions and ecosystem services have on urban populations is less well understood. Interactions between supply, demand, and benefits of ecosystem services for urban citizens are complex and depend on multiple factors, including densities of population and of the built-up area, layout, physical characteristics and accessibility of open spaces. Social practices and cultural context also affect the way in which people use, experience and value their contacts with nature and, as such, will also determine the impact of green spaces and nature-based solutions on the well-being of urban residents. The CO-NATURE project will focus on: i) deepening our understanding of the complex relationships between ecosystem service supply and benefits and how this relationship is mediated by social inequalities, people’s use of urban spaces and how they value these spaces; ii) using the insights obtained from this research to define which nature-based solutions are needed where in Brussels and which co-benefits they deliver; iii) co-production of alternative scenarios for nature-based urban design and urban regeneration with local stakeholders and experts through research-by-design.

Funding Acknowledgement(s)

Innoviris Anticipate
Short title or EU acronymCO-NATURE
Effective start/end date1/12/1830/11/22


  • nature based solutions
  • urban green

Flemish discipline codes in use since 2023

  • Geospatial information systems
  • Environmental and sustainable planning


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