For well over a decade numerous efforts are being mader to promote the community policing philosophy in Belgium. However, little is known about its effects on police organisation, police work and the relationship between the police and the public. Does this concept herald fundamental changes in the nature and goals of policing? What global philosophies and community policing models do exist? On what social, philosophical or political theories the different models are based? Although considerable effort is being made to understand the necessary changes in policing, little is know about in which way community policing affects the community. To which extent co-operation with the public is acceptable? To which extent police must take care of (all?) local demands? More effective policing requires a better knowledge about the needs and demands of the public. To which extent police can 'penetrate' the social field in order to gather the necessary information? May community policing erode into the local police state? Why is there an increasing demand for the police as problemsolvers in the community? Is there a connection with the consecutive economic crisis's in the welfare state? How is community policing being translated into workable programs, practices and policing? Do community policing initiatives in Belgium have the desired effects on police organisations, police personnel, community residents, the relationship between the police and teh public, and neighbourhood problems? What are the problems, bottle necks and resistance's that arise while implementing community policing? Are these effects measurable?