Transport and mobility have been problematic issues in the Brussels Capital Region for many years. Inhabitants and commuters nog only use the public transportation, but also personal means of transportation. This causes problems of congestion, noise and depletion of the air quality. On a global level they also contribute to the greenhouse effect and depletion of the scarce oil supplies. To improve the quality of life in the city, it is important that these issues are handled thoroughly. A possible solution for the traffic problems, is encouraging the use of bicycles and public transport. The use of personal vehicles will continue to exist though. Hence, efforts should be made to evolve the Brussels car fleet towards a green composition. Different policy measures can be used by the Brussels government to influence the purchase behaviour and use of vehicles. These include a reorientation of the fiscal system for vehicles (registration and circulation tax), applying a road or congestion charge, variable parking fees, etc. To analyze the environmental effects of the Brussels car park, the Ecoscore methodology will be used.
In this project, a methodology will be developed, databases will be created and analyses will be performed to allow gaining insight into the possible impact of policy measures which stimulate the use and purchase of clean vehicles.