Energy storage for machines

Project Details

Description

In production machines hydraulic and pneumatic actuation is being replaced more and more by electrical alternatives. Also, synchronized motions that were traditionally realized using a single motor and mechanical couplings are begin replaced by individually driven motors with electrical synchronization. As a result, electrical energy flows in the machine increase likewise. Moreover, as energy prices are increasing, it might become interesting to regenerate energy during braking and store this energy for future usage. Storing this energy in electrical form seems to be a promising alternative. Even without regeneration, on machines with several drive lines the question arises how electrical energy can be best distributed over the drive lines to get an as smooth operation as possible.
However, at this moment no tools exist for machine builders (i) to design the most optimal electrical power system for their machines and (ii) to decide how to manage the power flow in this system in an optimal way.
Recently, significant developments have been made on electrical energy storage using batteries and supercapacitors, mainly driven by the hybrid drive sector [e.g. SuBat, ElecCars, SupCapHV]. The question now arises if these developments can be used in a machine production setting to reduce energy consumption, increase performance or reduce component sizing and thus cost.
Although it is expected that energy will be more and more stored electrically, due to the recent developments on electrical energy storage components, for specific applications it might still be more favorable to use other forms of energy storage.
When hydraulics are for example already available on the machine, hydraulic storage might be more cost-efficient than electric energy storage; for specific energy-powerdensity relations electric storage elements might not be available and mechanic energy storage has to be applied. Therefore, the use of these non-electrical energy-storing elements will be analyzed theoretically.

To provide a solution to the above mentioned issues, the goal of this project is to develop a methodology that allows to:

· Optimally select electrical energy storage components for a production
machine.
· Optimize the electrical power management in a production machine with
batteries and supercapacitors.

Also, a state of the art on mechanic, hydraulic and pneumatic energy storage
components for a production machine will be delivered.
AcronymIWT499
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/07/0930/06/12

Flemish discipline codes

  • Mechanical and manufacturing engineering
  • Electrical and electronic engineering
  • Chemical sciences

Keywords

  • Electric Installations
  • Computational Electromagnetics
  • Numerical Electromagnetic Simulations
  • lighting
  • Computational Electrochemistry
  • Electric Vehicles
  • Electrochemistry
  • Traction Batteries And Battery Chargers
  • Cathodic Protection