Metacognition, compensation and cognitive/neuropsychological functioning in relation to car driving performance of older adults.

Project Details

Description

The aim of neuropsychological assesmant with elderly people is not only to uncover cognitive dysfunctions, but also to predict the impact of these dysfunctions on daily living. "Compensation in gerontology refers to the fact that the age-related deterioration of functions, often observed in laboratory, does not affect performance in everyday activities as much as one would expect. A correct selfperception of one's own cognitive problems is a necessary precondition for using compensation strategies and adaptive behavior. In this research, the plasticity of the aging cognitive system to organize itself into new adaptive behavior in relation to car driving performance will be studied. The Baltes "selective optimization with compensation" model will serve as theoretical background. This model states that succesful aging is a function of the interplay between selection, optimization and compensation in the face of age-associated losses in mental and physical reserves. The aim of the study is to elaborate a multidimensional concept in order to gain more insight in the relationship between neuropsychological assessment and daily life functioning through metacognition, and compensation as well as the factors influencing this relationship. The research results will prove their utility as complement to classical neuropsychological assessment, contributing to a better interpretation and raised predictive value of to test results, resulting in an enchanced quality of life and safety for elderly people
AcronymFWOAL52
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/01/9831/12/00

Keywords

  • compensation
  • metacognition
  • neuropsuchology
  • gerontology
  • driving

Flemish discipline codes

  • Psychology and cognitive sciences