Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterised by hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar) resulting from defects in the production of or in the body's response to insulin. There are two types of the disease, type one and type two, but both can cause many complications if the disease itself and associated risk factors (e.g. raised blood pressure and cholesterol) are not adequately controlled. Good glucose control requires frequent measurement of blood glucose levels and complicated algorithms for assessing the insulin dose needed to adjust for short term variations in activity, diet and stress. On the other hand, good control of diabetes, as well as increased emphasis on blood pressure control and lifestyle factors, may reduce the risk of complications substantially and allow people to enjoy a good quality of life.
This project aims to research and develop an intelligent service platform that can provide professional, remote monitoring and therapy management to diabetes patients in different healthcare regimes across Europe. The REACTION platform can execute various clinical applications for monitoring of vital signs, context awareness, feed-back to the point of care, integrative risk assessment, event and alarm handling. People with diabetes will be given electronic plasters ('e-patches') which will monitor their glucose levels and data will be sent via a wireless area network to a central store where it can be interrogated by healthcare professionals.
The monitoring system will be used both in diabetes clinics in hospitals and in people's own homes. In the case of the latter, personalised feedback will be provided about the impact of lifestyle changes