The project S(P)EEDKITS, which started in 2012, researches rapid deployable kits as seeds for self-recovery in disaster affected sites. A multidisciplinary team, consisting of different organizations throughout Europe, develops a new emergency system of modular rapid deployable shelters, facilities and medical care. The kits have to be transportable, modular and adaptable, must have a low cost and must be high-tech in their conception but low-tech in use. Current kits are scanned with regard to large transportation volumes and/or heavy weight. Out of this knowledge, new concepts are developed to drastically reduce the transportation volume and weight. The goal of these kits will be to provide temporary infrastructure, to establish the necessary temporary services and to limit the damage to economic and social fabrics.
The kits should provide infrastructure for different purposes, e.g. a hospital, a communication centre, water facilities or sanitation units. Four different basic shelter kits are designed and analyzed:
- A lightweight safe house unit: this shelter gives coverage for the very first hours and need to be deployed by the communities
- A collective unit: a shelter which is usable for diverse purposes
- A family house unit: this shelter will be used in the transitional period and later, it can be referred to as the first version of a real house
- A robust warehouse unit: a somewhat larger shelter for the humanitarian organizations, it can be used for storage, offices, medical centers, etc.