The project consists of a philosophical analysis of the different perceptions and approaches in the literature of the problem of non-existing persons . All the moral theories include a certain conception of the person and its conception seems unable to structure the situations in which the apparent subject is a non-existing person . The major objectifs are : 1) structuring the different modal categories of a person (potential, future, possible etc.) and the criteria used to distinguish these categories, 2) looking for a unifying and common framework by eliminating possible inconsistencies in the approaches and 3) revealing the principles and conceptions underlying the various philosophical perspectives . Three philosophers can be cited as major protagonists in the debate : Derek Parfit, Jan Narveson and Joel Feinberg . In order of to cover the topic as completely as possible, we will consider the approaches on all domains in wich the issue of the modal status of the person presents itself . This is the case in four domains : 1) population and environmental issues connected to future generations, 2) prenatal diagnosis and "wrongful birth" cases; 3) existence-inducting acts and medically assisted procreation, and 4) postmortal harm and rights . The method of the wide reflective equilibrium will be used . It was originally proposed by John Rawls and later elaborated by, amongst others, Norman Daniels . This coherence model for the justification of ethical theories is based on the construction of a dynamic equilibrium between the moral judgements, the moral principles and the evant background theories (like the theory of the person). This methodology should help us to clarify the complex structure of moral theories and may falicitate a rational choice among moral conceptions.
|Effective start/end date||1/01/00 → 31/12/03|
- Moral science
Flemish discipline codes
- Philosophy, ethics and religious studies