A Fault Localization Method for Single-Phase to Ground Faults in LV Smart Distribution Grids

N. Sapountzoglou, B. Raison, N. Silva

Research output: Book/ReportBookResearch


A fault localization method for single-phase to ground short-circuit (SC) faults in low voltage (LV) smart distribution grids is presented in this paper. Both the use of rms voltage phase measurements and an analysis of symmetrical components of the voltage were investigated and compared in this study. Phase measurements were found to be more suitable for single-phase to ground faults. The described method is a three-step process beginning with the identification of the faulty branch, followed by the localization of the sector in which the fault occurred and concluding with the estimation of the fault distance from the beginning of the feeder. Fault resistance values of 0.1, 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 Ω were tested. An heterogeneity analysis was performed to test the effect of the use of various conductors on the method. Faults in all three phases were implemented and simulated on a real case of a semi-rural LV distribution network of Portugal, provided by Efacec. Finally, the method presented an average estimation accuracy of 89.33% and an increased accuracy of 93.11% for low impedance faults (up to 10 Ω of fault resistance).

Original languageEnglish
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-37161-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-37160-9
Publication statusPublished - May 2020
EventELECTRIMACS 2019 - Salerno, Italy
Duration: 21 May 201923 May 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
PublisherSpringer International Publishing

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 675318 (INCITE).

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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