A liver-derived rat epithelial cell line from biliary origin acquires hepatic functions upon sequential exposure to hepatogenic growth factors and cytokines.

Joery De Kock, Sarah Snykers, Steven Branson, Smita Jagtap, John Antonydas Gaspar, Agapios Sachinidis, Tamara Vanhaecke, Vera Rogiers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Withdrawal of promising drug candidates is often due to the detection of liver toxicity. In particular the parenchymal liver cells or hepatocytes are targeted since they are the major site of drug transport and of metabolite formation and thus also the place where not only detoxification, but also activation instead of new chemical (NCE) and biological (NCB) entities may occur. Therefore, primary hepatocyte-based cultures are currently the preferred in vitro model to screen for liver toxicity. However, within a few days, they undergo dedifferentiation with loss of liver-specific functionality, including xenobiotic biotransformation capacity, making them only suitable for short-term applications. A plausible alternative to primary hepatocyte cultures that can be maintained for longer periods of time could be the use of liver-derived epithelial cell lines and their optimized derivatives. Therefore, in the present study, we evaluated the stability and the hepatic differentiation potential of a neonatal liver-derived rat epithelial cell line from biliary origin (rLEC). Undifferentiated rLEC stably express the hepatic progenitor markers CEBPA, FOXA2, GJA1, ONECUT1, KRT18 and KRT19 for at least 15 consecutive passages after cryopreservation. Upon sequential exposure to hepatogenic growth factors and cytokines, rLEC generate functional hepatic progeny, expressing mature hepatic markers including Alb, Ahr, Car, C/ebp?, Cx32, Foxa2, Hnf1?, Hnf1? and Onecut1. Furthermore, an active polarization is observed for the hepatic drug transporters Oatp4 and Ntcp. In addition, rLEC-derived hepatic cells express genes encoding for key hepatic enzymes such as AOX1, COMT, FMO3 and SULT1A1, as shown by Affymetrix microarray data, and also display stable CYP1A1/2- and CYP2B1/2-dependent activities for several weeks at levels comparable to those observed in cultured primary rat hepatocytes. The acquisition of such a stable and active biotransformation capacity is key for the applicability of liver-based in vitro models for long-term toxicity testing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4523-4533
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Medicinal Chemistry
Volume19
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • hepatocyte
  • differentiation
  • liver embryogenesis
  • liver epithelial cell
  • liver progenitor

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