A miniature robotic steerable endoscope for maxillary sinus surgery called PliENT

Julie Legrand, Mouloud Ourak, Laura Van Gerven, Vincent Vander Poorten, Emmanuel Vander Poorten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)


In endoscopic maxillary sinus surgery, the maxillary sinus is accessed through the nasal cavity which constitutes a narrow and tortuous pathway. However, surgeons still use rigid endoscopes and rigid, straight or pre-bent instruments for this procedure. Resection of the uncinate process and creation of a medial antrostomy is warranted to access the pathology inside the maxillary sinus and depending on the location of the pathology (lateral, inferior or anterior wall), additional resection of healthy tissue and/or functional structures like the lacrimal duct and/or inferior turbinate is necessary to gain optimal access. In order to avoid this additional resection, a functional single-handed, steerable endoscope for endoscopic maxillary sinus surgery has been designed and built. This endoscope is, to our knowledge, the most slender active steerable endoscope ever reported for maxillary sinus surgery. The performance of the endoscope was validated by two surgeons on a cadaver. An increased field of view was found in comparison to currently used endoscopes. As a direct consequence, a reduced need for resection of healthy tissue was confirmed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2299
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


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