BACKGROUND: Pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP) is a cutaneous syndrome of unknown origin. Most cases are sporadic and acquired. Herein we report a fifth case of PRP-like eruption associated with ponatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 60-year-old woman presented at the dermatology department with an erythemato-squamous eruption present for 2weeks. The patient was also being treated in haematology for recurrence of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Treatment with ponatinib had been initiated 6weeks earlier. Despite the low specific cutaneous histology, a diagnosis of induced PRP-like eruption was made based on the characteristic clinical aspect. Treatment with local corticosteroids resolved the eruption.
DISCUSSION: The literature contains 6 reported cases of PRP-like eruptions associated with TKI, including 4 with ponatinib. The eruption began from 2weeks to 2-3 months after treatment induction. Prescribed topical corticosteroids have yielded mixed results. A better understanding of the physiopathology of these eruptions associated with TKI could shed light on the pathogenic mechanisms in relation to idiopathic PRP.
- Pityriasis rubra pilaris
- Tyrosine kinase inhibitor