ABSTRACT: Ear surgery requires magnified imaging of anatomical structures from its beginning to achieve safe and successful surgical outcomes. The historical evolution of magnification in otology has developed from monocular to binocular, and to three-dimensional and even to digital in modern times. Current technological advancements pursue high-quality visualization for the best surgical outcomes but also ergonomic for surgeons. Here, we evaluated the usability of such new technology in common otological surgeries like cochlear implantation and stapedectomy for the first time in patients. A three-dimensional camera mounted to a robot arm has hands-free control by goggles worn by the surgeon on a head mount. The camera at a distance of the patients but can also be draped in a sterile way that it forms a barrier tent between patient and surgical personnel in the theatre. The main reason to evaluate the feasibility of this new exoscope was driven by COVID-19 obligate measures for elective surgery such as hearing restoration. This new technology can be considered an important advantage for the surgeons working in microsurgery to perform their elective operations without aerosolization of the drill rinsing water possibly containing contaminated tissue. From a subjective point of view, the image quality is equivalent to conventional microscopes to provide safe otologic surgery.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2021 by Mutaz B. Habal, MD.
- Ear Surgery
- Three-Dimensional Robot Arm Steered Camera
- Surgical outcomes