A physics-, SCADA-based remaining useful life calculation approach for wind turbine drivetrains

Diederik van Binsbergen, Marcelo Nesci Soares, Eilif Pedersen, Amir Nejad

Research output: Contribution to journalConference paper

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the development of a physics-, SCADA-based model able to predict the expected lifetime for wind turbine drivetrains. A real-time coupled torsional gearboxgenerator model is developed using the bond graph approach in the software 20SIM. The model uses SCADA data with a sampling frequency of one hertz to impose a load reference on the wind turbine for the simulation model. From the SCADA measurements, rotor torque is estimated and used as input load to the wind turbine rotor, while generator speed is used as reference in the control loop for maximum power point tracking. Shaft torsion is used to predict highspeed shaft radial and axial bearing loads from static equilibrium. The load amplitude and the number of stress cycles are calculated using the load duration distribution method and damage is calculated using Miner’s rule. Expected lifetime is predicted by linear extrapolation of the accumulated fatigue damage to the fatigue limit. Results show that the model can capture the torsional and electrical dynamics and that the model results agree with the reference input. The radial bearing loads match well with literature where additional sensors are used to determine the loads.
Original languageEnglish
Article number032079
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2022
EventTORQUE 2022: The Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2022) - TU Delft, Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 1 Jun 20223 Jun 2022


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