A randomized controlled phase II clinical trial on mRNA electroporated autologous monocyte-derived dendritic cells (TriMixDC-MEL) as adjuvant treatment for stage III/IV melanoma patients who are disease-free following the resection of macrometastases

Yanina Jansen, Vibeke Kruse, Jurgen Corthals, Kelly Schats, Pieter-Jan van Dam, Teofila Seremet, Carlo Heirman, Lieve Brochez, Mark Kockx, Kris Thielemans, Bart Neyns

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Autologous monocyte-derived mRNA co-electroporated dendritic cells with mRNA encoding CD40 ligand (CD40L), CD70 and a constitutively activated TLR4 (caTLR4) (referred to as TriMixDC-MEL) have anti-tumor activity in advanced melanoma patients. We investigated the safety and activity of adjuvant TriMixDC-MEL in stage III/IV melanoma patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one patients were randomly assigned to treatment with TriMixDC-MEL (n = 21) and standard follow-up (n = 20). "Cross-over" was allowed at the time of non-salvageable recurrence. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients alive and disease-free at 1-year. For a subset of patients, (formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded), tumor tissue samples were available for mRNA expression profiling and PD-L1 immunohistochemical staining.

RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were well balanced. One-year after randomization, 71% of patients in the study arm were alive and free of disease compared to 35% in the control arm. After a median follow-up of 53 months (range 3-67), 23 patients experienced a non-salvageable melanoma recurrence (TriMixDC-Mel arm n = 9 and control arm n = 14).The median time to non-salvageable recurrence was superior in the TriMixDC-MEL arm (median 8 months (range 1-6) vs. not reached; log-rank p 0.044). TriMixDC-MEL-related adverse events (AE) consisted of transient local skin reactions, flu-like symptoms and post-infusion chills. No grade ≥ 3 AE's occurred. The mRNA expression profiling revealed four genes (STAT2, TPSAB1, CD9 and CSF2) as potential predictive biomarkers.

CONCLUSION: TriMixDC-MEL id/iv as adjuvant therapy is tolerable and may improve the 1-year disease-free survival rate. Combination of optimized autologous monocyte-derived DC-formulations warrants further investigation in combination with currently approved adjuvant therapy options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2589-2598
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Immunol Immunother
Volume69
Issue number12
Early online date26 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Adjuvant therapy
  • Dendritic vaccine
  • Melanoma
  • TriMixDC-MEL

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