Abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome

M. L N G Malbrain, M. Cheatham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Introduction A compartment syndrome exists when the increased pressure in a closed space threatens the viability of surrounding tissue. When this occurs in the abdomen, the rise of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) may have a marked impact on end-organ function within and outside the abdominal cavity. The development of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are of importance in the care of critically ill patients. Intra-abdominal hypertension is a graded phenomenon that can be acute or chronic, primary or secondary and localized or generalized. Abdominal compartment syndrome is considered to be an ‘all-or-nothing’phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCore Topics in Cardiothoracic Critical Care
EditorsA. Klein, A. Vuylsteke, S. Nasref
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge University Press
Chapter38
Pages289-298
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781139062381
ISBN (Print)9780521872836
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • intra-abdominal
  • abdomen
  • intra-abdominal hypertension
  • abdominal compartment sy

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