Abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome

M. L N G Malbrain, M. Cheatham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Introduction A compartment syndrome exists when the increased pressure in a closed space threatens the viability of surrounding tissue. When this occurs in the abdomen, the rise of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) may have a marked impact on end-organ function within and outside the abdominal cavity. The development of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are of importance in the care of critically ill patients. Intra-abdominal hypertension is a graded phenomenon that can be acute or chronic, primary or secondary and localized or generalized. Abdominal compartment syndrome is considered to be an ‘all-or-nothing’phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCore Topics in Cardiothoracic Critical Care
EditorsA. Klein, A. Vuylsteke, S. Nasref
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781139062381
ISBN (Print)9780521872836
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • intra-abdominal
  • abdomen
  • intra-abdominal hypertension
  • abdominal compartment sy

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