Acoustic signatures of hydration and microcracking in early-age concrete

Eleni Korda, Geert De Schutter, Dimitrios Angelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Processes occurring during concrete curing such as settlement, hydration, and early-age shrinkage cracking define its long-term performance. These processes result in the emission of elastic waves which contain characteristic information about them. In this study, concrete is monitored from its fresh state up to its early hardening state, using Acoustic Emission (AE), a technique that records waves released by irreversible processes within the material. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the characterization of the different processes in early-age normal concrete and concrete containing superabsorbent polymers (SAPs). Emphasis is given to the AE activity of hydration and micro-cracking since they are positively and negatively, respectively, related to the final mechanical properties. Identifying the parameters with higher characterization potential enhances pattern recognition clustering with encouraging results. Parameters such as the amplitude and absolute energy of cracking AE signals are also correlated to the 28-day compressive strength.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100353
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopments in the built environment
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Financial support of the Research Foundation Flanders ( FWO-Vlaanderen ) through Projects No G019421 N , is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s)


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