BACKGROUND: Belgian antibiotic (AB) policy guidelines discourage the use of ABs in sore throat in otherwise healthy individuals; yet, 35% of all children with sore throat in our pediatric emergency department receive a prescription for ABs.
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors influencing our physician's prescription behavior.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective study, we analyzed all medical records of children younger than 16 years of age diagnosed with sore throat (in 2009 and 2010). We included 1345 files.
RESULTS: Children younger than 5 years of age received an AB prescription more easily (37.8 vs. 27.7%; P=0.0007). Children of White origin received less frequent ABs compared with non-Whites (31.6 vs. 37.8%; P=0.02). More ABs were prescribed during night shifts (38.7 vs. 31.8%; P=0.008). Physicians with a Belgian degree prescribed less frequently compared with those with a Dutch degree (23.4 vs. 46.4%; P<0.0001).
CONCLUSION: We find several 'practical' factors to have an influence on the AB prescription rate.
- Age Factors
- Anti-Bacterial Agents
- Child, Preschool
- Cohort Studies
- Drug Utilization
- Emergency Service, Hospital
- Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
- Retrospective Studies
- Risk Assessment
- Severity of Illness Index
- Sex Factors
- Journal Article
- Observational Study