Additional value of left atrium remodeling assessed by three-dimensional echocardiography for the prediction of atrial fibrillation recurrence after cryoballoon ablation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cryoballoon ablation (CBA) is a safe and efficient therapeutic option for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, AF recurrence occurs in 25% of the patients, leading to repeated ablations and complications. Previous reports have shown that left atrium (LA) assessed by M-Mode and two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) predicts AF recurrence. Nevertheless, these methods imply geometrical assumptions of the LA remodeling, which is a three-dimensional process. We hypothesized that LA remodeling by three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has an additional value for AF recurrence prediction post-CBA. 172 consecutive patients (62.2 ± 12.2 years, 61% male) were prospectively recruited. Echocardiography was performed before CBA. Blanking period was defined as the first three months post-ablation. The primary endpoint was AF recurrence after the blanking period. 50 (29%) patients had AF recurrence. 3DE LA maximum volume index (LAVI) had the highest incremental predictive value for AF recurrence (HR 5.50, 95% CI 1.34 -22.45, p < 0.001). In patients with non-dilated LA diameter index and LAVI by 2DE, LAVI by 3DE was able to discriminate AF recurrence with a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 66%, for an optimal cut-off value of 30.4 ml/m2. LA remodeling by 3DE predicted AF recurrence, even in patients with non-dilated LA by M-Mode and 2DE, suggesting that 3DE might reflect better and earlier the asymmetric and variable nature of LA remodeling and it should be considered for systematic use to evaluate AF recurrence risk post-CBA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1103-1111
Number of pages9
JournalThe International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume38
Issue number5
Early online date17 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Cryoballoon ablation
  • Left atrium remodeling
  • Three-dimensional echocardiography

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