An essential thioredoxin is involved in the control of the cell cycle in the bacterium Caulobacter crescentus

Camille V Goemans, François Beaufay, Khadija Wahni, Inge Van Molle, Jean François Collet, Joris Messens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Thioredoxins (Trxs) are antioxidant proteins that are conserved among all species. These proteins have been extensively studied and perform reducing reactions on a broad range of substrates. Here, we identified Caulobacter crescentus Trx1 (CCNA_03653; CcTrx1) as an oxidoreductase that is involved in the cell cycle progression of this model bacterium and is required to sustain life. Intriguingly, the abundance of CcTrx1 varies throughout the C. crescentus cell cycle: although the expression of CcTrx1 is induced in stalked cells, right before DNA replication initiation, CcTrx1 is actively degraded by the ClpXP protease in predivisional cells. Importantly, we demonstrated that regulation of the abundance of CcTrx1 is crucial for cell growth and survival as modulating CcTrx1 levels leads to cell death. Finally, we also report a comprehensive biochemical and structural characterization of this unique and essential Trx. The requirement to precisely control the abundance of CcTrx1 for cell survival underlines the importance of redox control for optimal cell cycle progression in C. crescentus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3839-3848
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number10
Early online date24 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

© 2018 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.


  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Caulobacter crescentus/cytology
  • Cell Cycle
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • DNA Replication
  • Endopeptidase Clp/metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Microbial Viability
  • Models, Molecular
  • Oxidoreductases/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs
  • Proteolysis
  • Recombinant Proteins/chemistry
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Thioredoxins/antagonists & inhibitors

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