Analysis of parental contribution for aneuploidy detection (APCAD): a novel method to detect aneuploidy and mosaicism in preimplantation embryos

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RESEARCH QUESTION: Can (mosaic) aneuploidy be reliably detected in preimplantation embryos after multiple displacement amplification and single nucleotide polymorphism detection, independent of haplotyping and copy number detection, with a new method 'analysis of parental contribution for aneuploidy detection' or 'APCAD'?

DESIGN: This method is based on the maternal contribution, a parameter that reflects the proportion of DNA that is of maternal origin for a given chromosome or chromosome segment. A maternal contribution deviating from 50% for autosomes is strongly indicative of a (mosaic) chromosomal anomaly. The method was optimized using cell mixtures with varying ratios of euploid and aneuploid (47,XY,+21) lymphocytes. Next, the maternal contribution was retrospectively measured for all chromosomes from 349 Karyomapping samples.

RESULTS: Retrospective analysis showed a skewed maternal contribution (<36.4 or >63.6%) in 57 out of 59 autosome meiotic trisomies and all autosome monosomies (n = 57), with values close to theoretical expectation. Thirty-two out of 7436 chromosomes, for which no anomalies had been observed with Karyomapping, showed a similarly skewed maternal contribution.

CONCLUSIONS: APCAD was used to measure the maternal contribution, which is an intuitive parameter independent of copy number detection. This method is useful for detecting copy number neutral anomalies and can confirm diagnosis of (mosaic) aneuploidy detected based on copy number. Mosaic and complete aneuploidy can be distinguished and the parent of origin for (mosaic) chromosome anomalies can be determined. Because of these benefits, the APCAD method has the potential to improve aneuploidy detection carried out by comprehensive preimplantation genetic testing methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-468
Number of pages10
JournalReproductive Biomedicine Online
Issue number3
Early online date10 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

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