We analytically and clinically evaluated Abbott's IMx assay for creatine kinase (CK) isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) in serum. Over a 1-year period, the method was more specific but less precise than catalytic isoenzyme measurements by electrophoresis or immunoinhibition. Sera from different individuals without electrophoretic evidence of CK-MB but containing macro CK type 1 (n = 20), mitochondrial CK (n = 5), or CK-BB (n = 5) were scored as CK-MB negative by the IMx. Likewise, CK-MB-negative by the sera remained so after addition of purified human CK-MM (<or = 7600 U/L) or CK-BB (<or = 8100 U/L). For 39 patients admitted for suspicion of uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction (precordial pain for <or = 4 h), the diagnostic performance of the IMx CK-MB assay on admission and 4 h later was superior to that of total CK activity and compared well with that of CK-MB activity measured by electrophoresis or immunoinhibition. An admission, myoglobin showed a higher diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value than did CK-MB and was the most informative test. Diagnostic performance on admission and 4 h later was further improved by considering positivity for myoglobin and for CK-MB by IMx and for the change in each over the first 4 h of hospitalization as criteria. Twelve hours after admission, diagnostic performance was further improved for all CK and CK-MB methods but began to decline for myoglobin.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
- creatine kinase MB
- myocardial infarction