To investigate whether there is an association between androgens and ovarian reserve, expressed through anti-Mullerian hormone. This is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of all consecutive women attending a tertiary fertility center, who presented with regular menstrual cycles. Patients had their AMH values measured with the same AMH assay (Immunotech (IOT) Beckmann Coulter assay), the same day in which androgens sampling was performed. Women with PCOS or other forms of androgen excess or untreated endocrine or metabolic disorders were excluded. A total of 942 women were included. Significant correlation was observed between total testosterone/free androgens index (FAI)/DHEAS and AMH (Spearman's r = 0.20/0.14/0.13, P value < 0.001, P value < 0.001, and P value < 0.001, respectively). After multiple linear regression analysis adjusting for confounders (age, BMI, cause of infertility, day of the menstrual cycle when the blood sample was performed), the regression slope in all participants for total testosterone predicting logAMH was 0.20 (P value < 0.001). Similarly, FAI was significantly associated with logAMH (regression coefficient = 0.04, P value = 0.04). In contrast, DHEAS was not significantly associated with logAMH. There was a significant, but weak relation between testosterone and AMH, while no significant association was observed between DHEAS and AMH. Future research is needed to elucidate whether testosterone supplementation may have any effect on ovarian function.
- Anti-Müllerian Hormone