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This study presents a high-resolution incremental enamel isotope analysis of 10 deciduous bovid premolars to explore the introduction of such practices in the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition of the Basque Country. The teeth, recovered at the famous transitional site of Mendandia (7500–5350 cal. BC), were analysed individually to reveal time-resolute fluctuations in carbon (δ13C), oxygen (δ18O) and strontium (87Sr/86Sr) isotope ratios. Our results revealed an extension of the expected natural birthing seasons, providing evidence of early husbandry controls onto the bovids within the Mesolithic-Neolithic transitional period. Further, strontium profiles indicate a substantial level of animal mobility, potentially linked with short movements (e.g., transterminance) between the seasonally occupied settlements (mostly rock shelters) evidencing the restricted territorial networks characteristic of the period in the Basque Country. This demonstrates that complex and choreographed patterns of animal management were employed relatively early during the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in this region, and shows the validity of the methodological approach used here to enhance the understanding of this particularly important process in the history of humankind.
|Title of host publication||Weaving Narratives: Abstract book 29th European Association of Archaeologists Annual Meeting|
|Publisher||European Association of Archaeologists|
|Number of pages||102|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Aug 2023|
- Mesolitithic-Neolithic Transitions
- Incremental Enamel Sampling
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Aurochs To Cattle: Investigating The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition In The Basque Country Using Sequential Carbon, Oxygen, And Strontium Isotopes: Session 102: Mesolithic-Neolithic Transitions [PAM]'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
FWOTM1129: The Truth in the Tooth: Reconstructing and Comparing Human Life Histories in the Mesolithic and Neolithic of Europe
1/11/22 → 31/10/26
1/02/21 → 31/01/26