Aviation and climate change in Belgium

Tim Festraets, Cathy Macharis, Joeri Van Mierlo, Julien Matheys

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper


The ABC Impacts project aims at providing Belgian decision makers and stakeholders with a detailed and integrated analysis of issues related to the inclusion of national and international air transport into European and international climate policy. Since the publication of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change special report on aviation (IPCC, 1999), the international scientific community has become aware of the importance of the impacts of emissions from the aviation sector on global warming. The possibility of integrating this sector is more and more considered both at the European level and in the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The European Union is evaluating the option of including aviation in its emission trading scheme starting in 2013, and it is very likely that part of the post-Kyoto international negotiations will be dedicated to accounting for emissions from international air transport. The analysis of these policy options is of particular interest for Belgium, given the importance of these sectors in its economy and the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions from air traffic over the Belgian territory. In this context, the ABC Impacts project intends to analyse these different climate policy options (as well as their consequences) and to provide an in-depth study of the technical, economic and environmental characteristics of the aviation sector. This paper will give a first insight on the mentioned research questions and their implications. By using the same transport and emission model that is being used by the European Commission for assessing the possible implementation of aviation into the European emission trading scheme (EU-ETS) an idea of the size of the Belgian aviation market and of its development is provided until 2020. Further on this paper provides an overview of the two most important aviation related climate influencing gasses, CO2 and NOx, the emitted amounts from Belgian aviation, the emissions produced by detours of the aircrafts as well as a first estimation of the number of overflights passing through the Belgian airspace. These results will form the basis for further and more detailed research on the Belgian aviation market and its emissions within the ABC Impacts project.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference paper "Next 50 years in transport", Christchurch, New Zealand
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventFinds and Results from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition: A Gender Perspective at the Medelhavsmuseet - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 21 Sep 200925 Sep 2009


ConferenceFinds and Results from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition: A Gender Perspective at the Medelhavsmuseet


  • aviation
  • climate policy
  • Kyoto Protocol
  • sustainable and durable air transport


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