Aviation and the Belgian Climate Policy

Tim Festraets, Cathy Macharis, Julien Matheys, Joeri Van Mierlo, Sandrine Meyer, Ben Matthews, Andrew Ferrone, Jean-Pascal Van Ypersele De Strihou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper


The ABC Impacts project aims at providing Belgian decision makers and stakeholders
with a detailed and integrated analysis of issues related to the inclusion of national
and international air transport into European and international climate policy. Since
the publication of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change special report on
aviation (1999), the international scientific community has become aware of the
importance of the impacts of emissions from the aviation sector on global warming.
The possibility of integrating this sector is more and more considered both at the
European level and in the context of the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change. The European Union is planning on including aviation in its
emission trading scheme starting in 2013, and it is very likely that part of the post-
Kyoto international negotiations will be dedicated to accounting for emissions from
international air transport. The analysis of these policy options is of particular interest
for Belgium, given the importance of these sectors in its economy and the intensity of
greenhouse gas emissions from air traffic over the Belgian territory. In this context,
the ABC impacts project intends to analyse these different climate policy options (as
well as their consequences) and to provide an in-depth study of the technical,
economic and environmental characteristics of the aviation sector.
In this paper will be given an overview of the Belgian aviation sector with the
inclusion of all relevant stakeholders. In order to assess the economic impacts or
environmental efficiency of different policy options, an in depth analysis of the links
between the operation mode of the policy measure (e.g. tax on emissions), the market
characteristics of the sector (e.g. market segmentation, cost structure, price elasticity,
etc.) and market dynamics is essential. As, next to CO2 emissions, other aircraft
emissions influence climate an overview of these emissions will be given as well as
an estimation of the amount of these emissions that is due to the aircraft operating in
Belgian airports. The difficulties encountered by decision makers to include these
emissions into climate policies will be highlighted. Then the multi actor multi criteria
analysis (MAMCA) methodology will be used to analyse the possible scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNectar Conference 2007, Porto, Portugal, 9-12 mei 2007
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2007
EventFinds and Results from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition: A Gender Perspective at the Medelhavsmuseet - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 21 Sep 200925 Sep 2009


ConferenceFinds and Results from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition: A Gender Perspective at the Medelhavsmuseet


  • aviation
  • market analysis
  • climate policy


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