Battery Second Life Analysis

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report


Due to increasing fuel prices and environmental concerns, Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) have recently drawn more attention. In urban traffic, due to their beneficial effect on environment, electric vehicles are an important factor for improvement of traffic a more particularly for a healthier living environment. In BEV configurations, electrical energy storage is a key issue in the design of these vehicles. However, the cost of a battery pack in these applications is still the main hindrance for Electric Vehicles adoption.
Relevant international standards such as IEC 61982-2 and IEC 62660-1 specify that the end-of-life of a battery is achieved when the actual battery capacity is reduced to 80% of the initial capacity. Instead of being scrapped for recycling, it may be interesting to recover some of the original value of these batteries by using them in other applications at the end of their automotive service life, such as in grid energy storage, renewable power management, vehicle applications for which the residual capacity is suitable, as well as UPS batteries.
In the framework of this research, the second life of some commercial lithium-ion batteries is investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2011


  • Second life
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Modeling


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