Between the public and the State: The Shipping Lobby’s strategies against US immigration restrictions 1882-1917

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Based on Freeman’s model of interest group-driven migration policies,
the article gives a qualitative inside look on a neglected actor during the
formative years of US immigration reform. It analyzes the central role
of the shipping companies in coordinating the pro-immigration campaign
with and against other interest groups. Their lobbying is divided
into two complementary sections: inside top-down efforts (lobbyists) to
influence legislators and outside bottom-up efforts (migrant communities
and the press) to mobilize the public. It assesses the importance of
public opinion in their lobby campaigns and the shipping companies’
success in delaying far-reaching restrictions until 1917.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to) 344-374
Number of pages31
JournalInternational Migration Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Cite this