Adriaan Koerbagh, friend of Spinoza, has a place in the clandestine philosophical literature. His two works, both of 1668, Een Bloemhof van allerley lieflijkheyd sonder verdriet and Een ligt schynende in duystere plaatsen, have the shape of a printed clandestine treatise. Concerning the content, we can find a critique of metaphysics and of religion, a philosophical naturalism and the anti-hierarchical idea of universal equality and freedom. The most eminent difference with the clandestine literature although is: Koerbagh has exclusively written in Dutch and his aim was to reach with his message a large public. In this article I illustrate this particular condition between underground and public sphere by an analysis of some examples chosen in the two mentioned works.
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)33-48
Number of pages16
JournalLa Lettre Clandestine
VolumeSpinoza et la littérature philosophique clandestine
Issue numberN°26
Publication statusPublished - May 2018


  • Spinoza - Enlightenment - littérature clandestine


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