Bilingual Language Production: A Tale About Interference Resolution in Different Linguistic Contexts

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One of the main differences between monolingual and bilingual language production is that during the latter word representations of both languages become activated. This parallel language activation is assumed to result in cross-language interference, which can hamper bilingual language production. Bilinguals handle this challenge by implementing language control, a process used to minimize cross-language interference during bilingual language production and to select words in the appropriate language. In this chapter, we discuss theoretical concepts and empirical
findings (i.e., asymmetrical switch costs, reversed language dominance, and language mixing costs) regarding language control in different linguistic contexts (i.e., single language, dual language, and dense code-switching contexts). Next to a discussion of how language control differs in specific linguistic contexts, we also highlight several issues that still need to be addressed in the language control literature.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLanguage Production
EditorsRobert J. Hartsuiker, Kristof Strijkers
PublisherRoutledge, UK
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781003145790
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2023


  • bilingualism
  • language control
  • ecological validity

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