Biphasic in vitro maturation (CAPA-IVM) specifically improves the developmental capacity of oocytes from small antral follicles

Flor Sanchez, Anh H Le, Vu N A Ho, Sergio Romero, Heidi Van Ranst, Michel De Vos, Robert B Gilchrist, Tuong M Ho, Lan N Vuong, Johan Smitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of a biphasic IVM culture strategy at improving IVM outcomes in oocytes from small follicles (< 6 mm) compared with routine Standard IVM in patients with polycystic ovaries.

METHODS: This prospective pilot study was performed in 40 women with polycystic ovaries whose oocytes were randomized to two IVM culture methods. Patients received a total stimulation dose of 450 IU rFSH. Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) from follicles < 6 mm and ≥ 6 mm were retrieved and cultured separately in either a prematuration medium with c-type natriuretic peptide followed by IVM (CAPA-IVM), or STD-IVM. Primary outcomes were maturation rate, embryo quality, and the number of vitrified day 3 embryos per patient.

RESULTS: Use of the CAPA-IVM system led to a significant improvement in oocyte maturation (p < 0.05), to a doubling in percentage of good and top-quality day 3 embryos per COC, and to an increased number of vitrified day 3 embryos (p < 0.001), compared to STD IVM. Oocytes from follicles < 6 mm benefited most from CAPA-IVM, showing a significant increase in the amount of good and top-quality embryos compared to STD IVM. CAPA-IVM yielded significantly (p < 0.0001) less GV-arrested oocytes and larger oocyte diameters (p < 0.05) than STD IVM.

CONCLUSIONS: CAPA-IVM brings significant improvements in maturation and embryological outcomes, most notably to oocytes from small antral follicles (< 6 mm), which can be easily retrieved from patients with a minimal ovarian stimulation. The study demonstrates the robustness and transferability of the CAPA-IVM method across laboratories and populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2135-2144
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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