Blast Loading of Small-Scale Circular RC Columns using an Explosive-Driven Shock Tube

Mohamed Ben Rhouma, Azer Maazoun, Aldjabar Aminou Malam Kailou, Bachir Belkassem, Ignaas Vandenbruwane, Tine Tysmans, David Lecompte

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Abstract

Reinforced concrete (RC) columns, being axial-bearing components in buildings, are
susceptible to damage and failure when subjected to blast loading. The failure of these columns
can trigger a progressive collapse in targeted buildings. The primary objective of this study is to
investigate the failure characteristics of laboratory-scale RC columns subjected to localized blast
loading. The columns, with a length of 1500 mm and an outer diameter of 100 mm, are reinforced with
6 mm diameter longitudinal bars and 2 mm diameter steel ties. The blast loading is generated using
an explosive-driven shock tube (EDST) positioned in front of the mid-span of the RC columns with
a 30 g and 50 g charge. To capture the global response of the RC columns, high-speed stereoscopic
DIC is used in addition to LVDTs. Furthermore, an FE model is developed using LS-DYNA R10.0
and validated against the experimental data. The results show that the proposed FE approach is able
to reproduce the applied blast loading and the failure characteristics of the columns. The relative
difference in column mid-span out-of-plane displacement between the FE model and the average
measured data lies below 5%. Finally, the gray correlation method is conducted to assess the influence
of various parameters on the blast resistance of the RC columns.
Original languageEnglish
Article number921
Pages (from-to)4488-4516
Number of pages28
JournalBuildings
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.

Keywords

  • laboratory-scale RC column
  • numerical analysis
  • Blast response
  • high-speed stereoscopic DIC
  • EDST
  • gray correlation method

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