Calculating millimeter-wave modes of copper twisted-pair cables using transformation optics

Ali Mohajer Hejazi, Gert-Jan Stockman, Yannick Lefevre, Vincent Ginis, Werner Coomans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Recent research has indicated considerable potential for millimeter-waves in copper access,
with data-rate estimations up to 1 Terabit per second for a reach of 100 m. This line of research exploits
millimeter-waves and their corresponding higher-order propagation modes inside the twisted pair cable
binder. Unlike the conventionally used transmission-line mode (currents through copper wires), the approach
relies on the copper and plastics present in these cables to form a low-loss waveguide. Here, we take a
closer look at the potential of millimeter-wave propagation in twisted pair cables by refining the idealized
assumptions, used by Cioffi et al., and identifying the limiting factors. To this end, we introduce the concept
of transformation optics as an efficient method of calculating the propagating modes on a twisted pair.
Leveraging this technique allows us to calculate modal propagation using realistic material parameters,
exposing an important trade-off between loss and confinement. Our modeling results yield achievable data
rates that are orders of magnitude lower than those achieved under idealized assumptions. According to our
results, 1 Terabit per second can be achieved up to a distance of about 10 m over a twisted-pair with a plastic
Original languageEnglish
Article number9391993
Pages (from-to)52079-52088
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2021


  • Transformation Optics
  • Twisted-pair Waveguide
  • Millimeter wave


Dive into the research topics of 'Calculating millimeter-wave modes of copper twisted-pair cables using transformation optics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this