BACKGROUND: In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), treated with haemodialysis, a high overall mortality is observed. A previous study showed that cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is a strong independent predictor of outcome in this population. In this study we investigated possible causes of cTnT increase and its relationship with a marker of oxidative stress. METHODS: In a group of 71 haemodialysis patients (36 male, 35 female, mean age 68.7+/-1.5 years) we determined cTnT and compared its presence with several biochemical parameters and with malondialdehyde (MDA), which is an indicator of oxidative stress. None of the patients suffered an acute coronary event during the observation period. Three measurements of cTnT and MDA were performed with a 2-week interval. Forty-nine patients underwent a transthoracic echocardiography. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (or 40.8%) had a positive cTnT determination (defined as cTnT >/=0.10 ng/ml). cTnT positive patients had significantly higher levels of MDA (P=0.0125), C-reactive protein (CRP) (P=0.04) and pre-dialysis urea (P=0.04). Regression analysis showed that both pre-dialysis urea and MDA independently influenced cTnT. No correlation was found with age, dialysis adequacy, post-dialysis urea, total cholesterol, white blood cell count, fibrinogen or any of the echocardiographical parameters. Presence of heart failure, diabetes or use of medication could not discriminate between cTnT positive and cTnT negative patients. MDA levels correlated positively with time on haemodialysis (P=0.0021). Echocardiography showed left ventricular hypertrophy in 88% of the examined patients and impaired wall motion in 35%. Patients with clinical signs of heart failure had a lower ejection fraction and worse wall motion score index. No correlation existed between echocardiographic findings and cTnT or MDA. Survival was independently predicted by cTnT (P=0.0025), MDA (P=0.0007), CRP (P=0.006) and age (P=0.0143). Patients with both cTnT and CRP increase had a survival of
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2003|
Bibliographical noteNephrol Dial Transpl 2003; 18 : 737-742.
- cardiac troponin T
- oxidative stress