OBJECTIVE: To study the presence of cervical motor dysfunctions in acute whiplash-associated disorders, evaluate their course and assess their predictive value for long-term recovery. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were used to select studies of the presence of cervical motor dysfunctions within the acute stage (< 6 weeks) after whiplash trauma and/or their predictive value for the development of chronic whiplash-associated disorders. RESULTS: The presence of cervical motor dysfunctions in the acute stage after whiplash trauma was investigated in 4 cohorts. The course of cervical motor dysfunctions in whiplash-associated disorders was examined in 4 cohorts, and the predictive value on outcome 1 year post-whiplash trauma was assessed in 3 cohorts. Reduced cervical mobility, disturbed kinaesthesia, and altered muscle activity were found in the acute stage, and these persisted over time in the moderate/severe group. The predictive value of examining the presence of cervical motor dysfunctions was doubtful. The course and predictive value of initial reduced cervical mobility was inconsistent. CONCLUSION: Cervical motor dysfunctions are present soon after whiplash trauma persisting in those with moderate/severe symptoms. However, these dysfunctions have limited predictive value, and hence may not explain the complex clinical picture of whiplash-associated disorders. This systematic review highlights the need for differentiating between patients with acute whiplash-associated disorders taking into account the biopsychological framework.
|Journal||Journal of Internal Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2013|
Bibliographical note"Cervical motor dysfunction and its predictive value for long-term recovery in patients with acute whiplash associated disorders: a systematic review"
Daenen L, Nijs J, Raadsen B, Roussel N, Cras P, Dankaerts W.
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 2013: in press.
SCI=2.049 - 13/62 Rehabilitation Q1