Combined effects of green tea supplementation and eccentric exercise on nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 activity

Josh Thorley, Craig Thomas, Nicolas Thon, Hannah Nuttall, Neil R W Martin, Nicolette Bishop, Stephen J Bailey, Tom Clifford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: This study investigated whether combining eccentric exercise and green tea supplementation synergistically increased nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) activity, a transcription factor responsible for coordinating endogenous antioxidant expression.

METHODS: In a double-blinded, randomized, between-subjects design, 24 males (mean [SD]; 23 [3] years, 179.6 [6.1] cm, 78.8 [10.6] kg) performed 100 drop jumps following a 6 days supplementation period with either green tea (poly)phenols (n = 12; 500 mg·d-1) or a placebo (n = 12; inulin). NRF2/antioxidant response element (ARE) binding in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), catalase (CAT) and glutathione reductase (GR) activity, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) excretion, and differential leukocyte counts were measured pre-, post-, 1 h and 24 h post-exercise.

RESULTS: Exercise did not increase NRF2/ARE binding (p = 0.12) (fold change vs rest: green tea = [post] 0.78 ± 0.45, [1 h] 1.17 ± 0.54, [24 h] 1.06 ± 0.56; placebo = [post] 1.40 ± 1.50, [1 h] 2.98 ± 3.70, [24 h] 1.04 ± 0.45). Furthermore, CAT activity (p = 0.12) and 8-OHdG excretion (p = 0.42) were unchanged in response to exercise and were not augmented by green tea supplementation (p > 0.05 for all). Exercise increased GR activity by 30% (p = 0.01), however no differences were found between supplement groups (p = 0.51). Leukocyte and neutrophil concentrations were only elevated post-exercise (p < 0.001 for all).

CONCLUSION: Eccentric exercise, either performed alone or in conjunction with green tea supplementation, did not significantly increase NRF2 activity in PBMCs.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: (registered: 15/09/21).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-256
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Issue number1
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023. The Author(s).

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Mr. Tristan Boetti, and Miss Sophie Bitton for their support with data collectionand recruitment.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).


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