Comparing electronic monitoring regimes: length, breadth, depth, weight equals tightness

Anthea Hucklesby, Kristel Beyens, Miranda Boone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper compares the use of electronic monitoring (EM) in three European jurisdictions – Belgium, England and the Netherlands. It suggests that rates of use, the accepted method of comparison in relation to imprisonment and a proxy measure of ‘punitiveness’, provide a misleading picture when applied to EM. This paper transforms the concept of ‘tightness’ (Crewe, 2011) from a dimension of weight to encompass the overlapping elements of length, breadth, depth and weight, to provide a framework for analysing how EM regimes are designed to disrupt the lives of monitored individuals. EM regimes are diverse and ‘tightness’ varied as much, if not more, within as between jurisdictions. Comparisons of ‘tightness’ also inverted the scale of ‘punitiveness’ produced using rates of use.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPunishment & Society
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Electronic monitoring
  • comparative penology
  • community sentences

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