Competencies of Flemish Snowboard Coaches A and B

Evert Zinzen, Jeroen Sondervorst, Ariane Caplin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingMeeting abstract (Book)


Introduction: The European Qualification Structure (EQS) consists of competencies of all jobs, classified in numbered levels (OECD, 2005). A job, described in a qualification profile, will give visible expectations and can be objectively evaluated. This study aims to determine the competences of the Flemish (Belgium) snowboard coach and create a framework in which he/she works.
Method: The Delphi method was used to personally interview Flemish qualified snowboard experts (in different rounds) to ensure that all coaching views/opinions were recorded. Finally a consensus must be reached (Linstone and Turoff, 2002).
In the first round the core tasks were determined with their associated "knowledge", "skills" and "attitudes" (essential components of competencies). In the second round, all listed items were located by the experts in a particular trainer level. In the final round, the competencies were composed (using COMET, 2003) and confirmed in a consensus meeting.
Results: There were eight competences formed, namely: communication, tracking changes, giving individual feedback, feedback in general, individualization, pedagogical/didactical approach, set up plans, working in team and outdoor specific tasks. These competencies are further developed as the coach reaches a higher level. The competencies are completed differently depending on the context (main task) in which the coach works. The snowboard coach B has four main tasks including information gathering, talent detection, independently train promising young athletes and supporting young athletes . The snowboard coach A has four main tasks including independently (competitive) training, coaching, talent detection and gathering information.
Finally a framework was formed combining level of snowboarders with the level of the coach (with their respective determined tasks and competencies).
Discussion/conclusion: The research data make it possible to classify Flemish snowboard coaches in the EQS, evaluate coaches according to their core tasks and provide information to improve coaches courses in Flanders/Belgium.

COMET, the competency modeling toolkit, Copyright, Open University Holland, Onderwijs-technologisch Expertisecentrum, 2003 (

OECD, The definition and selection of key competencies, 27 may 2005 (

Linstone, H., Turoff, M., (2002), Introduction, The Delphi method: techniques and applications, pp 3 - 12, (

Acknowledgement: The Flemish government is acknowledged for their financial support.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Network of Sport Science, Education & Employment (ENSSEE)
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2009
EventFinds and Results from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition: A Gender Perspective at the Medelhavsmuseet - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 21 Sep 200925 Sep 2009


ConferenceFinds and Results from the Swedish Cyprus Expedition: A Gender Perspective at the Medelhavsmuseet


  • snowboard
  • competencies
  • coaching
  • EQF


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