Complex plane representations and stationary states in cubic and quintic resonant systems

Anxo Biasi, Piotr Bizon, Oleg Evnin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Weakly nonlinear energy transfer between normal modes of strongly resonant PDEs is captured by the corresponding effective resonant systems. In a previous article, we have constructed a large class of such resonant systems (with specific representatives related to the physics of Bose-Einstein condensates and Anti-de Sitter spacetime) that admit special analytic solutions and an extra conserved quantity. Here, we develop and explore a complex plane representation for these systems modelled on the related cubic Szego and LLL equations. To demonstrate the power of this representation, we use it to give simple closed form expressions for families of stationary states bifurcating from all individual modes. The conservation laws, the complex plane representation and the stationary states admit furthermore a natural generalization from cubic to quintic nonlinearity. We demonstrate how two concrete quintic PDEs of mathematical physics fit into this framework, and thus directly benefit from the analytic structures we present: the quintic nonlinear Schroedinger equation in a one-dimensional harmonic trap, studied in relation to Bose-Einstein condensates, and the quintic conformally invariant wave equation on a two-sphere, which is of interest for AdS/CFT-correspondence.
Original languageEnglish
Article number435201
Number of pages22
JournalJ. Phys. A: Math. Theor.
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

v2: version accepted for publication


  • math-ph
  • hep-th
  • math.AP
  • math.MP
  • nlin.SI


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