Compliance to antihypertensive and antidiabetic medications

Joyce GYPENS, F. Wirth, Lilian Azzopardi, Stephane Steurbaut, S. Fava

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

Abstract

Background and Objective: Good pharmacological compliance is important
in the management of hypertension and diabetes mellitus to maintain optimal
. blood pressure and metabolic control, reducing risk of complications. The objective
of this study was to evaluate compliance to antihypertensive and
antidiabetic medications.
Setting and Method: Four-week study at Diabetes and Endocrine Centre,
MOH. Patients recruited were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire,
including 7 'Yes and No' questions and 1 'multiple choice' question on
pharmacological compliance ('Morisky test'). Each question was given a score
of 1 or 0, depending on the question. A total score of 0 was classified as 'high;
1-2 'medium' and> 2 'low' compliance.
Main outcome measures: Categorisation of patients into 'high; 'medium' or
'low' medication compliance score .
Results:125 patients participated; 55% were male, most (49%) were between
50 and 59 years, most (41%) had a primary education, the majority (52%) were
retired and 87% did not live alone. A 'high' compliance score was obtained by
43% of patients, while 31% and 26% obtained a 'medium' and 'low' compliance
score respectively. 98% of patients claimed to have taken all their
medications the day before the questionnaire was distributed. 70% of patients
said that they do not frequently forget to take their medications, 82% said that
over the previous 2 weeks they did not miss any medication doses, 92% of
patients never stopped their medication without consulting their physician
even when they felt worse, 85% of patients do not forget to take their medications
with them when travelling or going to work and 74% of patients do not
feel stressed to comply with their treatment plan.
Conclusions:This study showed that most patients showed a 'high' pharmacological
compliance. Systems to identify the 'medium' and 'low 'compliers
should be adopted so that pharmacists in this setting could support patients
to improve compliance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication42nd ESCP Symposium on Clinical Pharmacy, Prague, Czech Republic
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2013
Event42nd ESCP Symposium on Clinical Pharmacy - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 16 Oct 2013 → …

Conference

Conference42nd ESCP Symposium on Clinical Pharmacy
CountryCzech Republic
CityPrague
Period16/10/13 → …

Keywords

  • antihypertensive and antidiaetic medications

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