Comprehensive Aging Analysis of Volumetric Constrained Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells with High Concentration Silicon-Alloy Anodes

Lysander De Sutter, Gert Jan Berckmans, Mario Marinaro, Jelle Smekens, Yousef Firouz, Margret Wohlfahrt-Mehrens, Joeri Van Mierlo, Noshin Omar

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Abstract

In this research, twenty-four high capacity (1360 mAh) NMC622/Si-alloy Li-ion full pouch cells with high silicon-alloy content (55%) are cycle aged under seven different cycling conditions to study the effect of different stressors on the cycle life of Si-anode full cells, among which are the effect of ambient temperature, Depth of Discharge (DoD) and the discharge current. The cells are volumetrically constrained at an optimal initial pressure to improve their cycle life, energy and power capabilities. Furthermore, the innovative test setup allows measuring the developed pressure as a result of repeated (de-)lithiation during battery cycling. This uniquely vast testing campaign on Si-anode full cells allows us to study and quantify independently the influence of different stress factors on their cycle life for the first time, as well as to develop a new capacity fade model based on an observed linear relationship between capacity retention and total discharge capacity throughput.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberen11112948
Number of pages21
JournalEnergies
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • C-rate influence
  • Calendar aging
  • Cycle aging
  • DoD influence
  • Full cell
  • Pressure
  • Silicon
  • Temperature influence

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