COMT Val(158)Met genotypes differentially influence subgenual cingulate functional connectivity in healthy females

Chris Baeken, D. Marinazzo, Stephan Claes, G.r. Wu, Peter Van Schuerbeek, Johan De Mey, Robert Luypaert, Rudi De Raedt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain imaging studies have cons stently shown subgenual Anterior Cingulate Cortical (sgACC) involvement in emotion processing. catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val(158) and Met(158) polymorphisms may influence such emotional brain processes in specific ways. Given that resting-state fMRI (rsfMRI) may increase our understanding on brain functioning, we integrated genetic and rsfMRI data and focused on sgACC functional connections. No studies have yet investigated the influence of the COMT Val(158)Met polymorphism (rs4680) on sgACC resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) in healthy individuals. A homogeneous group of 61 Caucasian right-handed healthy female university students, all within the same age range, underwent isfMRI. Compared to Met158 homozygotes, Val(158) allele carriers displayed significantly stronger rsFC between the sgACC and the left parahippocampal gyrus, ventromedial parts of the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), and the nucleus accumbens (NAc). On the other hand, compared to Val(158) homozygotes, we found in Met(158) allele carriers stronger sgACC rsFC with the medial frontal gyrus (MEG), more in particular the anterior parts of the medial orbitofrontal cortex. Although we did not use emotional or cognitive tasks, our sgACC rsFC results point to possible distinct differences in emotional and cognitive processes between Val(158) and Met(158) allele carriers. Hovvever, the exact nature of these directions remains to be determined.
Original languageEnglish
Article number481
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume8
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2014

Keywords

  • sgACC
  • functional connectivity
  • COMT
  • females
  • genotype differences

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