This paper focuses on the transition process in the agricultural sector in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan is a republic
in Central Asia which embarked on a reform program after independence in 1991 and has been struggling with structural
This paper is to look into the following questions: how do households organise their survival in this radically changed
environment; how did they come to their new coping mechanisms; and where do the latter come from?
Besides analysing existing literature, this paper is based on field research among farmers conducted in the province of
Džalal-Abad in Southern Kyrgyzstan between February and April 2005.
The paper aims to show that even if most households now have an income from farming, this income is too small to
support all household members. Therefore, additional incomes are needed but mostly lacking. The country now has a dual
economy: a formal sector, which can be seen as the successor of the Soviet state economy but is too small to provide all
inhabitants with jobs; and a large informal, self-employment sector which is essentially a continuation of the ‘shadow
economy’ that already existed in the Soviet era.
|Place of Publication||Ghent|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
|Name||Conflict Research Group Working Paper|
- Coping mechanisms
- Rural development