Correlation between prior therapeutic dendritic cell vaccination and the outcome of patients with metastatic melanoma treated with ipilimumab

L. Pierret, Sofie Wilgenhof, Jurgen Corthals, Truus Roelandt, Kris Thielemans, Bart Neyns

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Abstract

Background: Ipilimumab (Ipi) is an anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated antigen 4 (CTLA4) IgG1 monoclonal antibody active against metastatic melanoma. Ipi acts by reinforcement of CTL-activation trough B7/CD28 receptor stimulation. A pre- existing anti-tumor CTL repertoire, induced by dendritic cell (DC) vaccination, could influence the therapeutic effect of Ipi. The influence of prior DC-vaccination on the outcome of melanoma patients (pts) treated with Ipi at a single center was analyzed to evaluate this hypothesis. Methods: Data were obtained from the medical files of pts treated at the UZ Brussel with Ipi in protocols CA184–022, -025, and the BMS Ipi medical need program. Ipi (0.3, 3 or 10 mg/kg) was administered iv q3 wks x4 q12 wks thereafter. Results: 20 pts (10M/10F; med age 51y, range 28–72) were identified. Prior therapy: autologous DC-vaccine loaded with melanoma associated antigens (14 pts) ± IFN-a2b (9/14 pts), cytotoxic agents (17 pts). Baseline characteristics: AJCC st IV melanoma (20 pts); baseline LDH > ULN (16 pts). Ipi dose: 0.3 mg/kg (4 pts), 3 mg/kg (2 pts), 10 mg/kg (14 pts). Serial LDH measurements were available for 17 pts; 4 types of LDH-response following Ipi administration were observed: increase (11 pts), decrease (1 pt), fluctuation (4 pts), stable (1 pt). Objective response according to mWHO or irWHO: 3 PR, 1 SD, 16 PD. One pt received 0.3 mg/kg of Ipi (CA184–022) and had SD but no LDH response; at PD she received DC-vaccine and subsequently 10 mg/kg Ipi (medical need program) resulting in a fluctuating LDH-response and regression of an orbita-metastasis. Increasing LDH values following Ipi were less often observed in pts with prior DC-vaccination (5/6 pts (83%) without prior DC-vaccination had increasing LDH-values vs 6/12 pts (50%) with prior vaccination). DC- vaccination also correlated with regression of metastases and disease control (3/15 pts (20%) who were vaccinated had a PR/SD vs 1/6 (17%) PR for those who had not received prior DC-vaccinations). Conclusions: These data represent a small sample size from a single institution; however, our results suggests a potential correlation between prior therapeutic DC vaccination and outcomes in advanced melanoma patients treated with ipilimumab.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e20006
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume27
Issue number15S
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2009
Event45th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology - Orlando, United States
Duration: 29 May 20092 Jun 2009

Keywords

  • dendritic cells
  • vaccination
  • melanoma

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