The use of GnRH agonist downregulation in artificial endometrium priming cycles for cryopreserved embryo transfer was retrospectively investigated to establish whether higher live birth rates resulted. Six hundred and ninety-nine patients underwent 1129 artificial endometrium priming cycles for the transfer of cryopreserved embryos between 1 July 2009 and 1 June 2012. Hormonal supplementation with (group A, n = 280 cycles) or without (group B, n = 849 cycles) GnRH agonist co-treatment was given. Live birth rates were comparable between the two groups per started cycle (14.9% [41/275] in group A versus 15.1% [127/839] in group B) or per embryo transfer (17.5% [41/234] in group A versus 17.6% [127/723] in group B). After logistic regression analysis, the only variables that were significantly associated with live birth rates were day of embryo transfer (OR 0.69; 95% CI 0.48 to 0.98) for day 3 versus day 5 embryos, the number of embryos transferred (OR 2.13; 95% CI 1.58 to 2.86) for two embryos versus one embryo transferred and the endometrial thickness on the day of embryo transfer (OR 1.15; 95% CI 1.05 to 1.25). Live birth rates after cryopreserved embryo transfer in artificial cycles did not increase when a GnRH agonist was administered.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Reprod Biomed Online|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- GnRH agonist
- artificially prepared cycle
- cryopreserved embryo transfer
- live birth rate