Development and Validation of V2G Technology for Electric Vehicle Chargers Using Combo CCS Type 2 Connector Standards

Shahid Jaman, Boud Verbrugge, Oscar Hernandez Garcia, Mohamed Abdel Monem, Blum Oliver, Thomas Geury, Omar Hegazy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology is viewed as a viable solution to offer auxiliary power system services. Currently, V2G operation is only possible through DC chargers using the CHAdeMO connector with the necessary communication protocol. However, in Europe, for high-power DC charging (>50 kW), the Combined Charging Service (CCS) Type 2 is preferred over CHAdeMO. Therefore, this work presents the development of a V2G testing system with a Combo CCSType 2 charger including communication via the ISO 15118-2 protocol. The BOSCH passenger car with a 400 V battery pack is used to test and validate the technical feasibility of V2G charging via a Combo CCS Type 2 connector standard. The V2G feature is characterized in terms of efficiency, signal delay, response proportionality, magnitude accuracy and noise precision. A data driven V2G charger simulation model based on the real-time data is also developed in MATLAB/Simulink. The performance under various operating settings is presented in the outcomes, emphasizing the need for appropriate hardware calibration, and understanding while delivering standard-compliant grid control services using V2G technology. Finally, the results of the simulation model are compared with the real hardware results in terms of error, noise level and data magnitude accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7364
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Horizon 2020 Programme of the European Commission under grant agreement no. 875131 (eCharge4Driver project). We, as authors, also acknowledge Flanders Make for the support to our research group.

Funding Information:
This research was funded by European Commission under grant number 875131 (eCharge4Driver project).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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