Does the dose or type of gonadotropins affect the reproductive outcomes of poor responders undergoing modified natural cycle IVF (MNC-IVF)?

P Drakopoulos, F Di Guardo, L Boudry, S Mackens, M De Vos, G Verheyen, H Tournaye, C Blockeel

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Does the dose or type of gonadotropin affect the reproductive outcomes of poor responders undergoing IVF in a modified natural cycle (MNC-IVF)?

STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study including patients attending a tertiary referral University Hospital from 1st January 2017 until 1st March 2020. All predicted poor responders (Poseidon groups 3 and 4) who underwent MNC-IVF in our center were included. Mild ovarian stimulation (rFSH/uFSH/hp-hMG) was started when a follicle with a mean diameter of 12-14 mm was observed on ultrasound scan; GnRH antagonist was added from the next day onwards. Mature oocytes were inseminated using ICSI.

RESULTS: In total 484 patients undergoing 1398 cycles were included. Mean (SD) age and serum AMH were 38.2 (3.7) years and 0.28 (0.26) ng/ml, respectively. The daily dose of gonadotropins was either < 75 IU/d [11/1398 (0.8 %)] or 75 to < 100 IU/d [1303/1398 (93.2 %)] or ≥ 100 to 150 IU/d [84/1398 (6 %)]. Patients were stimulated with rFSH [251/1398 (18 %)], uFSH [45/1398 (3.2 %)] or hp-hMG [1102/1398 (78.8 %)]. Clinical pregnancy rate was 119/1398 (8.5 %). Live birth was achieved in 80/1398 (5.7 %) of cycles. There was no significant difference in rates of pregnancy and live birth across different types and doses of gonadotropins. The GEE multivariate regression analysis, adjusting for relevant confounders, showed that the type of treatment strategy (rFSH/uFSH/hp-hMG) and the daily dose of gonadotropins were not associated with live birth rates (LBR) (p value 0.08 and 0.8, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: The type and daily dose of gonadotropins do not affect the reproductive outcome of poor responders undergoing MNC-IVF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-99
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume278
Early online date9 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

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