Educational needs of fertility healthcare professionals using ART: a multi-country mixed-methods study

Sophie Péloquin, Juan A Garcia-Velasco, Christophe Blockeel, Laura Rienzi, Guy de Mesmaeker, Patrice Lazure, Fabiola Beligotti, Suzanne Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the most pressing educational needs of fertility healthcare professionals using assisted reproductive technologies (ART)?

DESIGN: This mixed-methods study combined qualitative interviews with quantitative surveys. Participants included physicians and nurses specialized in reproductive endocrinology or in obstetrics/gynaecology, and laboratory specialists, with a minimum of 3 years of experience, practising in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Spain or the UK. Maximum variation purposive sampling was used to ensure a mix of experience and settings. Interviews were transcribed and coded through thematic analysis. Quantitative data were analysed using frequency tables, cross-tabulations and chi-squared tests to compare results by reimbursement context.

RESULTS: A total of 535 participants were included (273 physicians, 145 nurses and 117 laboratory specialists). Knowledge gaps, skills gaps and attitude issues were identified in relation to: (i) ovarian stimulation (e.g. knowledge of treatments and instruction protocols for ovarian stimulation), (ii) embryo culture and cryopreservation/vitrification (e.g. diverging opinions on embryo freezing, (iii) embryo assessment (e.g. performing genetic testing), (iv) support of luteal phase and optimizing pregnancy outcomes (e.g. knowledge of assessment methods for endometrial receptivity), and (v) communication with patients (e.g. reluctance to address emotional distress).

CONCLUSIONS: This descriptive, exploratory study corroborates previously reported gaps in fertility care and identifies potential causes of these gaps. Findings provide evidence to inform educational programmes for healthcare professionals who use ART in their practice and calls for the development of case-based education and interprofessional training programmes to improve care for patients with fertility issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-445
Number of pages12
JournalReproductive Biomedicine Online
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2021 AXDEV Group Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.


  • Assisted reproductive technologies
  • Care gaps
  • Educational needs
  • Fertility care
  • Mixed-methods study
  • Needs assessment


Dive into the research topics of 'Educational needs of fertility healthcare professionals using ART: a multi-country mixed-methods study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this